Gur, Mordechai (Motta)

(1930-95)
   Gur was born in Jerusalem, and at the age of 17, he joined the youth battalion of the Hagana during the mandate period and later served in the Palmah. After the War of Independence, he attended the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and studied politics and Middle Eastern studies while still in the military. He became a paratrooper and helped to develop the Israeli style of commando raids on Arab targets across the lines before the Sinai War (1956). He commanded the Israel Defense Forces' (IDF) elite Golani Brigade from 1961 to 1963. During the Six-Day War (1967), Gur commanded the paratroop brigade that captured East Jerusalem and the walled city. He reported, "The Temple Mount is in our hands." In August 1967, he became commander of the Gaza Strip and northern Sinai Peninsula.
   Gur was a graduate of Ecole de Guerre in Paris. He served as military attache in Washington from August 1972 until December 1973. He served as chief of staff of the IDF from 1974 to 1978, taking over after David Elazar resigned from that post. As chief of staff, Gur oversaw the planning of Operation Entebbe, the 4 July 1976 rescue of hostages from the Entebbe airport in Uganda. After leaving the IDF in 1978, he became director general of a division of Koor Industries. In 1981, he ran for the Knesset on the Labor Party list and won a seat. He served as minister of health in the Government of National Unity established in 1984 and became minister without portfolio in the government established in December 1988. Gur served as deputy minister of defense under Yitzhak Rabin and as Rabin's chief liaison to Jewish settlers from 1992 until his death from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Despondent over his illness with cancer, Gur committed suicide on 16 July 1995. Gur was also well known in Israel for his children's books about a paratrooper unit and their fighting mascot, a dog named Azit.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mordechai Gur — Born May 6, 1930 Jerusalem, Mandate Palestine Died July 16, 1995 Tel Aviv, Israel Allegiance Haganah Israel Defence Forces …   Wikipedia

  • Mordechai Gur — Mordechai Motta Gur (en hebreo: מרדכי מוטה גור, Jerusalén, 6 de mayo de 1930 16 de julio de 1995) fue un militar y político israelí. Llegó a teniente general del ejército israelí, Jefe de Estado Mayor, diputado y Ministro. Como jefe de la 55.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Israel Defense Forces — (IDF; Zahal)    Israel s military is under a unified command of land, air, and sea forces. It is subject to the authority of the government and carries out its policy. The minister of defense is in charge of the IDF and is a civilian, although he …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • POLITICAL LIFE AND PARTIES — Introduction It was largely due to the existence of the pre state political parties, which had conducted intensive political activities for almost half a century within the framework of the yishuv , under the British Mandate for Palestine, that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Porte des Lions (Jérusalem) — 31°46′50″N 35°14′13″E / 31.78056, 35.23694 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Operation Elkayam — Part of the Retribution operations Rafael Eitan (right, in crouched position) with members of 890th Paratroop Battalion. Standing second from left is …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem Day —    Jerusalem Day is an annual event initiated by revolutionary Iran s spiritual and political leader Ayatollah Khomeini as a show of solidarity with the Palestinian Arabs in their struggle against Israel. He called for all the Muslims of the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Western Wall —    Also known by its Hebrew name, HaKotel HaMa aravi, or simply, the Kotel (literally, The Wall ). It is located on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem s old city. It is all that remains of the Temple of Biblical times. Its alternate name, Wailing Wall, is …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Six-Day War — Part of the Arab–Israeli conflict …   Wikipedia

  • Guerre des Six Jours — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guerre des Six Jours (homonymie). Guerre des Six Jours L occupation israélienne dans la Bande de Gaza,le Sinaï,la …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.